Activist & Pioneer Nurse

Tribute To Florence Nightingale


A fond farewell to all our viewers as our website closes on December 31, 2021. It has been a pleasure to share Florence Nightingale especially the celebration of her Bicentenary. Nightingale will always live on!

On Friday, November 5th2021 the Boston University and groups presented a symposium commemorating the Bicentennial of Florence Nightingale. It was rescheduled from May 1, 2020 due to Covid and drew participants internationally. 

Nursing historians and scholars presented historical and contemporary perspectives on Nightingale’s influence on the evolution of nursing. Subjects ranged from the wars in Scutari to Iraq, objectives on Health from the UN (will be further discussed in our web at a later date), Historical milestones, District Health Nursing.  There were 2 questions and answer sessions with good dialogue.

The above graphic is new and very striking and celebrates the Nightingale Bicentenary well. 


A Declaration from the United Nations- Health 

We– the nurses and concerned citizens of the global community- hereby dedicate ourselves to achieve a healthy world.

We declare our willingness to unite in a program of action, to share information and solutions and improve health conditions for all humanity– locally, nationally and globally.

We further resolve to adopt personal practices and to implement public policies in our communities and nations– making this goal achievable and inevitable– beginning today in our own lives, in the lives of our nations and in the world at large. 

Follow-up to the Federal Election Platforms (RNAO) in Canada Sept 20,2021 

The 4 main issues listed with detail and further breakdowns were:

1) Access to Healthcare 
2) Social Determinants of Health
3) Environmental Determinants
4) Fiscal Advisory

There are 2 areas have been developed and followed up:



This is serious and increasing in occurrence. According to statistics more then 21,000 Canadians  died of accidental overdose between 2016 and and Dec 2020. Recent election proposals varied from expansion of recovery and treatment centers to expansion of harm reduction strategies heavily utilized. Decriminalization is not an agreed to and experts say that in itself would take away the stigma and save lives.
For the entire article click here.



Provincial and territorial governments receive health funding from the federal government in the form of Canada Health Transfers (CHT) and directed program funding including, during the pandemic, the Safe Restart Program. The federal CHT percentage of provincial/territorial public spending on health has declined from 35 per cent in 1976 – 77 to less than 25 per cent in 2019 – 20. Currently the Canada Health transfer to the provinces is unconditional. There needs to be more accountability. There is no Health care accountability mechanism to track  how the provinces spend this money. Engage with your MP and explore this issue and explore with your MPP with questions. It is timely in that in Ontario there will be by June 2022 a provincial election. Be informed!
For the entire article click here.

Final Report on Long Term Care, Covid -19 released April 2021

Article after article has been published on how to fix the system. Warning signals were there before Covid that more attention and funding should have been  be allotted – too late but now the attention must be given.

Here are some major ideas for reform:

1) Health Inspectors need to be empowered and  able to enforce where there are violations in a home. Under utilized are the liaison resource officers (from the MOH & LTC) who can guide staff to change – often who  are resistant.

2) Appropriate staffing  with a strong educational component.

3) Improved leadership esp with management who show respect, patience, are authentically present and have good communication skills.

4) Appropriate funding and more attention to the needs and care of the seniors.

5) Recommended PPE and available consistently -use the precautionary principle.

Please see this link for the full report, 


Cathryn Hoy, RN Elected Ontario Nurses’ Association President – Toronto,  November 2, 2021 

The Ontario Nurses’ Association (ONA) is pleased to announce that Cathryn Hoy, RN, has been elected as the union’s new president.

Hoy is set to become leader of ONA on January 1, 2022. Current ONA President Vicki McKenna, RN, has announced her retirement as of the end of 2021.

Hoy brings a wealth of both nursing and union experience, having served as ONA First Vice-President for two terms and as Vice-President of ONA Region 2. Hoy has years of hospital nursing experience working in a neonatal intensive care unit, pediatrics, women’s health, emergency medicine, oncology and surgery. She has also worked as a clinical educator.

Hoy says her priority for ONA’s members is to “ensure they have a safe and quality work environment that enables these professionals to uphold practice standards in caring for Ontarians, and that they are treated with respect by government and their employers”.

ONA is the union representing more than 68,000 registered nurses and health-care professionals, as well as 18,000 nursing student affiliates, providing care in hospitals, long-term care facilities, public health, the community, clinics and industry. 

Press Release by Sheree Bond ONA

Who Is Florence Nightingale

  • Activist and pioneer in Nursing
  • Born in 1820 in Florence, Italy
  • Established the first nursing school worldwide in London, England
  • A mentor and role model in Nursing
  • Author,  systems thinker and pioneer public health reformer

Read more… 

Did You Know?

Nightingale was well ahead of her time!
She had identified the correlation between the physical hospital environment and health outcomes of patients.Her strong credentials in the use of statisticians saw her become the first woman inducted into the Royal Statistical Society in 1858 in the UK.

In Collaboration with Dr. Lynn McDonald Professor Emerita

Lynn is an author of several books on Nightingale-most recently; Florence Nightingale, Nursing, and Health Care Today and the Collected Works of Nightingale. She is also a climate activist, prison reformer and former Member of Parliament. You can connect with her for more information on Nightingale in Backgrounders at She is cofounder and current chair of The Nightingale Society and has been a great support and inspiration to us throughout the last year. We do connect with her and other nursing colleagues from California and Ohio on a regular basis- sharing ideas on how best to recognize and promote Nightingale.

More Information

You are invited to check the Nightingale Society website to review  updates on Nightingale’s work, such as new publications, upcoming conferences, and yes, sadly, attacks on her.
The Nightingale Society supports recognition of her as the major founder of professional nursing, hospital reformer and pioneer of evidence-based nursing – still relevant, if not more so – in pandemic times. Nightingale, an icon for so many years, came under attack in the 1980s and, while refutations based on primary sources have come out, yet more attacks appear. Making an icon tumble makes news.
The Nightingale Society has a website, with short items on her work. These include her work as an anti-racist, and one introduces Kofoworola Abeni Pratt, the first Black nurse in Britain’s National Health service, and the major founder of nursing in Nigeria. She was a “Nightingale nurse,” inspired by Nightingale.
See The Nightingale Society:
The Collected Works of  Florence Nightingale has a website, with short papers on her available for free:
We encourage you to join as a member of  Nightingale Society, simply send an email  saying “Join”  to

In appreciation  Lynn McDonald, Professor Emerita, Guelph

The Nightingale 2021 Team

Anne Clark RN

Retired Nurse and former ONA Board member

Nightingale Authority

Carolyn Edgar RN

Retired Nurse

Student in labour Studies -McMaster University

Cristina Buco RN

Frontline Nurse at PMH

Return to Work at
local 097

Eleanor Adarna RN

Retired Nurse

Student in Labour Studies -McMaster University