Activist & Pioneer Nurse

The Federal Election for Canada has passed ( Sept 20,2021) with a Liberal government winning  a minority government.

Continue to review the data below on current relevant issues that need attention and implementation 
(the RNAO is acknowledged for this info and breakdown)




COVID-19 has exposed long-standing underfunding and understaffing in LTC. Across Canada, more than 15,000 residents of LTC homes have died from COVID-19, accounting for nearly 60 per cent of all COVID-19 related deaths in Canada. The federal government deployed Canadian Armed Forces personnel, and contracted with Red Cross, to provide and support care in more than 50 LTC homes during the pandemic. The federal government has repeatedly promised to implement national LTC standards to ensure appropriate and dignified care for an increasingly complex number of LTC residents.
For the entire article click here.


Medicare is one of Canada’s greatest achievements. Canadians live longer, healthier lives because of it and it serves all of us when we need it. Medicare also makes economic sense. But the job is not done. Many essential health services are not covered by our system. It is time to change that.
For the entire article click here.


Indigenous communities – particularly those in remote settings – have insufficient health human resources to serve their populations. An increased supply of NPs and RNs working in Indigenous communities can remedy this health inequity. The expanded scope of the NP, including the ability to diagnose and treat independently, promotes timely access to care, improves health outcomes and reduces health system costs. Increased numbers of RNs will also help address the unmet health needs identified by Indigenous communities.
For the entire article click here.


Countries around the world – including provincial governments such as Ontario – and major health organizations have CNOs. A national CNO serves as a voice for nurses and nursing and a focal point for nursing policy leadership nationally and internationally. CNOs play a critical role in directing attention to social determinants of health, transforming health policies, improving health outcomes and advancing health systems. This is even more critical now as Canada addresses the impact of the pandemic on vulnerable and underserved populations and the nursing human resource shortfalls that are emerging across the country.
For the entire article click here.



In every province and territory across Canada, in both urban and rural communities, the opioid overdose crisis rages on. More than 21,000 people have died from opioid overdose between 2016 and 2020, including 6,000 in 2020, reflecting a rapidly escalating crisis. Nearly all of these deaths are accidental and preventable.
For the entire article click here.


Housing is a human right. Yet on any given night, 35,000 Canadians have no home to call their own. In addition, 1.7 million Canadian households reside in homes that are unaffordable, overcrowded and/or in need of significant repair. The combination of the COVID-19 pandemic, housing market trends and public policy choices threaten to dramatically increase the number of Canadians experiencing homelessness.
For the entire article click here.


Canada’s TRC, informed by interviews with survivors, sets out the history of Indian Residential Schools and its legacy of deep inequities and pain. Unmarked graves of more than a thousand Indigenous children have been uncovered on the grounds of residential schools. Canada has been slow to implement the TRC’s calls-to-action and reconcile with its history of violent colonization and cultural genocide.
For the entire article click here.



Unprecedented growth in greenhouse gas emissions is warming our planet at an alarming rate. As a result, Canadians are experiencing more severe weather, more flooding, more heat waves and more wildfires. Changes in our environment affect our health. It means more people are dying of heat-related illness. The resulting worsened pollution affects those with respiratory and cardiovascular disease, and has led to the spread of Lyme disease and West Nile virus.
For the entire article click here.


Access to clean drinking water continues to be a problem for many Indigenous communities – a shocking circumstance in the 21st century. At present, there are approximately 50 long-term boil water advisories in effect in 32 Indigenous communities. Some advisories have been in place for decades.
For the entire article click here.



Provincial and territorial governments receive health funding from the federal government in the form of Canada Health Transfers (CHT) and directed program funding including, during the pandemic, the Safe Restart Program. The federal CHT percentage of provincial/territorial public spending on health has declined from 35 per cent in 1976 – 77 to less than 25 per cent in 2019 – 20.
For the entire article click here.


While the federal share of health-care costs continues to fall well below historic levels, the federal government has been cutting corporate tax rates. Since 2000, the federal corporate tax rate has been cut from 28 per cent to 15 per cent. In addition to that lost tax revenue, the federal government loses billions every year in tax evasion and tax avoidance. The wealth exists – it is just accumulating increasingly at the top, where the wealthiest one per cent have increased their share dramatically over the course of the past decade.
For the entire article click here.

This Is A Tribute To Nurses

We are in very difficult and trying times but we can be hopeful that when receiving care nurses touch us and make a difference.

For the entire review of the Sept. 2021 OHIO Review go to Two of our colleagues on the North America Nightingale meeting group Donna Curry RN and Janet Michaelis RN are from Dayton Ohio. Donna forwarded  the article. She has been recently been selected to be on board of the Nightingale Museum in London UK.

Year In Review!


2020 was a year of change and adjustment as we entered the first wave of Covid-19. On March 11 the World Health Organization declares Covid-19 a pandemic March 17. A state of Emergency was called in Ontario and our world as we knew it changed. Prior to these dates many plans had been made for Nursing Week celebrating Nightingale’s Bicentenary. The changes were drastic with lectures, conferences, lunches and galas cancelled and all face to face meetings. Zoom became the new norm. Frontlines nurses entered into many challenges and restrictive measures. 

For the entire article click here.

A Year into the Pandemic – Nurses Exhausted & Angry

April 2021 Hospital News Page 4 

Linda Silas is a Nurse, and President of the Canadian Federation of Nurses Association

As the anniversary of the World Health Organization declaring COVID-19 a global pandemic has come and gone, nurses across Canada are at their breaking point. We are exhausted, burned out and angry. Nurses are on the frontlines of the pandemic and our health care system every day. We see its problems in brutal detail, and have the experience to know what’s needed to fix them. We have repeated called on decision makers to address critical staffing shortages and provide basic protections to keep workers safe.  

We continue to be disregarded and the results have been devastating!

According to the Canadian Institute for Health Information, the number of COVID -19 cases among health care workers has tripled since July 2020. As of January 15, 65,920 health workers have been infected with COVID -19 virus, representing 9.5 percent of all infections in Canada. More than 40 health workers are known to have died from the illness. In our troubled long term care system, insufficient staffing and safety protocols have contributed to a national tragedy. About 25,000 health care workers infected are in long term care. More than 14,000 vulnerable residents are known to have died from COVID 19, representing 70 percent of all deaths in Canada. It didn’t have to be this way!

As early as January of last year, the Canadian Federation of Nurses unions began urging governments across Canada to heed the lessons of SARS and adopt a precautionary approach. This meant assuming the virus was airborne and protecting health-care workers-potential vectors of transmission-accordingly.

Despite similar efforts by unions across the country, health-care workers have been put at unacceptable risk, with implications for their families, patients, and communities. Most health care workers, even those caring for COVID-19 patients, were only provided flimsy surgical masks, and in many jurisdictions, masks were reused until they were soiled and damaged. Faced with supply issues, N95 respirators were often locked away.

It took the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) until Jan 2021 to acknowledge what unions and many experts have said all along. Health care workers are at risk of airborne transmissions when in close proximity to an infected person. Yet PHAC still does not require healthcare workers in COVID-19 units and hot zones to wear protection from airborne transmission, such as N95 respirators.

Similarly, provinces across Canada have failed to update their guidance to adequately reflect what we now know about the virus and how it spreads. Only Quebec has followed the scientific evidence to its natural conclusion. As of Feb 11 2021, Quebec requires health – care workers in COVID -19 hot zones to wear an N95 respirator or superior level of protection.  As new variants circulate in Canada, dramatically increasing the rate of transmission, burned out health care workers are under pressure. Without actions, health staffing, which is already in short supply, could become depleted even further. We must not let this happen! 

We know from experts and evidence that there is a desperate need for more staff, not less. The long standing cycle of budget cuts, short-staffing, and higher workloads has eroded the health care workforce and quality of patient care. A major investment in the retention and recruitment of nurses is needed now or is likely we will see an exodus from the profession as burnout takes its toll.

It’s time for governments across Canada to take their heads out of the sand and show their respect and appreciation for health care workers. A good first step would be to act on our calls for better workplace safety and staffing.  Had decision makers heeded the nurse’s warnings prior to the pandemic, perhaps many more lives could have been saved.

Who Is Florence Nightingale

  • Activist and pioneer in Nursing
  • Born in 1820 in Florence, Italy
  • Established the first nursing school worldwide in London, England
  • A mentor and role model in Nursing
  • Author,  systems thinker and pioneer public health reformer

Read more…


Our Bookmark

Definitions On Health

Available upon request. We look forward to sharing it with you.

Definitions assist us to reflect and understand our nursing practices and ourselves. Take a look and submit your own definition on Health.  What does it mean to you?

1. World Health Organization (WHO)
Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.

2. Nightingale
Health is not only to be well, but to be able to use well every power we have.

3. Carolyn
Health is a recognition of health limits and an ability to seek treatment with compliance towards a balance physically and mentally with optimal function. 

Definition On Nursing

1. Virginia Henderson, Nurse Theorist, 1966
The unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery or to a peaceful death that he would perform unaided if he had the necessary strength, will or knowledge and to do this in such a way as to help him gain independence as rapidly as possible.

This definition has been adopted by the International Council of Nurses and distributed around the world.

Unusual Kindness

The phrase “unusual kindness” is of a religious nature – Act 28.2, and covers Nightingale in reference historically. It makes you think how important it is to be kind to each other and patient as well. With the stresses upon us it is easy to snap and be unruly in how we communicate. Nurses are known for being caring but kind as well – most important at these times.

Did You Know?

Nightingale was well ahead of her time!

She had identified the correlation between the physical hospital environment and health outcomes of patients.

Her strong credentials in the use of statisticians saw her become the first woman inducted into the Royal Statistical Society in 1858 in the UK.

Click here for the Public Health Legacy of Florence Nightingale: A Lesson For Covid-19

In Collaboration with Dr. Lynn McDonald Professor Emerita

Lynn is an author of several books on Nightingale-most recently; Florence Nightingale, Nursing, and Health Care Today and the Collected Works of Nightingale. She is also a climate activist, prison reformer and former Member of Parliament. You can connect with her for more information on Nightingale in Backgrounders at She is cofounder and current chair of The Nightingale Society and has been a great support and inspiration to us throughout the last year. We do connect with her and other nursing colleagues from California and Ohio on a regular basis- sharing ideas on how best to recognize and promote Nightingale.

More Information

You are invited to check the Nightingale Society website to review  updates on Nightingale’s work, such as new publications, upcoming conferences, and yes, sadly, attacks on her.
The Nightingale Society supports recognition of her as the major founder of professional nursing, hospital reformer and pioneer of evidence-based nursing – still relevant, if not more so – in pandemic times. Nightingale, an icon for so many years, came under attack in the 1980s and, while refutations based on primary sources have come out, yet more attacks appear. Making an icon tumble makes news.
The Nightingale Society has a website, with short items on her work. These include her work as an anti-racist, and one introduces Kofoworola Abeni Pratt, the first Black nurse in Britain’s National Health service, and the major founder of nursing in Nigeria. She was a “Nightingale nurse,” inspired by Nightingale.
See The Nightingale Society:
The Collected Works of  Florence Nightingale has a website, with short papers on her available for free:
We encourage you to join as a member of  Nightingale Society, simply send an email  saying “Join”  to

In appreciation  Lynn McDonald, Professor Emerita, Guelph

The Nightingale 2021 Team

Anne Clark RN

Retired Nurse and former ONA Board member

Nightingale Authority

Carolyn Edgar RN

Retired Nurse

Student in labour Studies -McMaster University

Cristina Buco RN

Frontline Nurse at PMH

Return to Work at
local 097

Eleanor Adarna RN

TGH Site Rep

Local 97 Executive Secretary Health and Safety Lead Rep